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Continuous Exploitation of Children In Ghana

Continuous Exploitation of Children In Ghana published on

Stop Adults From Using Children As Beggars

Ghana was the first state to ratify the UN convention on the rights of the child. However, the country still lags far behind in terms of stopping exploitation of children, as many children continue to suffer abuse and maltreatment, particularly the menace of economic exploitation in the form of begging on major streets of Accra.

On February 5th 1990, Ghana became the very first country to ratify the Convention on the rights of the Child at the United Nations General Assembly and the convention officially came into force on 2 September 1990.

This signaled a new dawn for the protection of the rights and welfare of children in Ghana; or at least we thought so.

A child begging for Money in traffic Near Opebea Junction in Accra
Children begging in traffic at Madina Zongo Junction in Accra

In 1998, the parliament of Ghana also passed the Children’s Act 1998, Act 560 in line with the country’s international commitment to uphold the rights of the child.

Essentially the goal was to, “reform and consolidate the law relating to children, to provide for the rights of the child, maintenance and adoption and regulate child labour…” in the country.

While these gestures are laudable and duly appreciated by the people of Ghana, the practical application of some of the key provisions of the convention and Act 560 has been rather ineffective and seems to lack the necessary commitment on the part of duty bearers.

One such area is the provision against economic exploitation of children by adults as stated below in article 32 of the 1990 UN child rights convention:

States Parties recognize the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development.” (Article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child)

This means any state that ratifies this convention including Ghana, agrees to protect its children from economic exploitation in every part of the country.

Yet, many young girls and boys continue to work or beg on the streets of Accra for adults instead of being in school, learning and playing with other children.

What is more troubling about the plight of these children is that they often work in the middle of moving traffic which is very dangerous and a harmful to their health and survival.

Whenever you drive around areas such as Madina Zongo Junction, 37 round about, Opebea Junction and Korle Bu area, you could see the so called ‘parents’ resting under a shade from the scorching sun, while the little children beg for money on the road in the hot sun.

It is extremely worrying that no one seems to care, or even if they do, nothing is being done about the appalling situation.

Public officials use these roads everyday but continue to ignore the situation as if everything is normal and proper.

But this is not normal. And, it’s not proper. It is not right to leave children in the hands of those who abuse and exploit them for their personal gains.

Economic exploitation of children is a crime according to article 32 of the child rights convention which Ghana ratified since February 1990.

So, we need our authorities to act now to stop the practice and punish perpetrators who send children out in the hot sun to make money for them.

Remember, children are entitled to special care and assistance

To All Women

To All Women published on

Value Your Rights

Do not take your human rights and the need to know them lightly. In addition, don’t take the fight for gender equality as if it doesn’t concern you.

A very important fact we should understand clearly is that most of the rights and freedoms that we women in most parts of the world enjoy and take for granted today – such as voting, owning our own property or signing contracts by yourselves, for yourselves, going to school and many others were fought for by fellow women who refused to sit unconcerned about the plight of women in society at the time.  

But the fight for bringing into reality the human rights of all women is very far from over, as too many women and girls continue to suffer poverty, discrimination and violence is society.

Despite the adoption of CEDAW (Convention on Elimination of all forms Discrimination Against Women) and other human rights instruments on women, the reality is that many women are still being trafficked into prostitution, enslaved in the name of culture, raped in the name of culture, declared witches and either killed or isolated, suffer sexual harassment at work, labeled prostitute if they dare to stand for political office and so on.

We should not be unconcerned about these challenges. Let’s try to do something to bring a change no matter how small.

Women’s Right Education @ Oyibi
Women Learning About Their Human Rights

We have a responsibility to do our part. No matter where we find ourselves, we have a responsibility to stand up for the rights of vulnerable and marginalized women and girls.

We have a responsibility to speak out against injustice, discrimination and abuse against other women and girls in our households, communities and the larger society.

We have a responsibility to fight and stop all forms of violence against women and girls at home, at work and in the community.

We have a responsibility to refrain from joining those who abuse or maltreat other women in the name of culture or religion.

To do the above, we all have a duty to educate and inform ourselves about women’s rights issues so that we are empowered and in a better position to defend ourselves and protect other women.


  • Women were not allowed to vote Married
  • Women were maltreated or even killed when their husbands died
  • women were legally nonexistent in the eyes of the law
  • Women had to submit to laws when they had no voice in their formation
  • Married women had no property rights
  • Husbands had legal power over and responsibility for their wives to the extent that they could imprison or beat them with impunity
  • Divorce and child custody laws favored men, giving no rights to women
  • Women had to pay property taxes although they had no representation in the levying of these taxes
  • Most occupations were closed to women and when women did work they were paid only a fraction of what men earned
  • Women were not allowed to enter professions such as medicine or law
  • Women had no means to gain an education since no college or university would accept women students
  • With only a few exceptions, women were not allowed to participate in the affairs of the church
  • Women were robbed of their self-confidence and self-respect, and were made totally dependent on men

The Day Of The Girl Child

The Day Of The Girl Child published on

The Girl Child : Intelligent, Capable and Valuable.

2017-03-30 069As we celebrate the international day of the girl child today, 11 October, 2017, Stand Ghana wishes to congratulate every girl child in Ghana and the world over for their hard work, courage and resilience in the face of prevailing cultural, social, economic and religious impediments they are exposed to on daily basis.
To every Girl Child, we say: Ayeekoo!!! Be happy! Be Empowered! Be Resilient! Be Bold, Be Knowledgeable, Be Excellent! And Be Hopeful – Always!
Our girls are so intelligent and hard working in spite of the numerous challenges they face! They are helping at home and they are topping their classes in most schools and national examinations in Ghana!
However, we must remember that the girl child is still vulnerable to attacks and negative vices whether at home, school or within the community. They are usually susceptible to violence, sexual abuse, incest, neglect and diverse kinds of discrimination.
2017-03-30 076GIVE ADVICE
Let us use this opportunity to give the Girl Child good advice and share our experiences with them to inspire them to become useful adults and capable leaders in society tomorrow.
Let’s educate them on the challenges that are likely to confront them as they grow up and how they can overcome them successfully.
Remember the basic needs (especially pads, panties and underwear) of the girl child in your house – and, please extend a helping hand to girl from poor homes in your community. Teachers complain that most girls whose parents or guardians are unable to provide them with these basic needs are often moody in school and perform poorly in class.
Our research indicate that many girls from poor homes get overburdened with house work so much that they are often too tired to do homework and by the time they reach school they are unable to pay attention to lessons in class thereby impeding their general performance in school.
Please take tangible steps to protect the girl child in your house or school from sexual abuse, incest and violence; eliminate all forms of discrimination that impede her potentials and empower her with appropriate information and life skills.

Deportees Shackled From US To Ghana?

Deportees Shackled From US To Ghana? published on


The sixty three (63) Ghanaians deported from the US to Ghana were inhumanely transported back home on Wednesday 14th June 2017.

The deportees reported that they were kept in shackles/chains and hand cuffs on the plane to Kotoka International Airport in Accra.

Whether their deportation was right or not, reports that they were chained and hand cuffed like animals, and even denied water and food throughout the entire journey from the US to Ghana is rather very alarming because it sounds cruel and degrading; and against International Human Rights Law.

We need to know what really happened. Are these mere allegations or not? What really happened on the plane? Were the deportees actually shackled? If yes, were they being violent and therefore posing threats to other passengers on the plane for which they had to be restrained? These are questions that need urgent answers.

Whatever the answers, no human being deserved to be treated inhumanely whether they’ve done something wrong or not. We condemn illegal migrations but we must not condone torture or degrading treatment of our fellow citizens.

Authorities must always keep in mind that Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which PROHIBITS Cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment of persons, applies to everyone without any distinctions. This particular human right is absolute. It has no conditions attached! Which means its violation can never be right.

Many Ghanaians are rightly expressing outrage and deep concern about the situation. And, are unhappy about the broader picture of how African’s are consistently ill-treated outside the continent as if they are lesser humans.

Why does this keep happening? Is it the failure of our leaders to defend and protect our rights or is it our inability to hold ourselves in high esteem and defend our human rights? Let’s talk about these issues.



Ghana’s Aged – Voiceless, Vulnerable and Neglected

Ghana’s Aged – Voiceless, Vulnerable and Neglected published on

Protect Right To Dignity In Old Age


The state of the elderly in Ghana today is one of voicelessness, neglect and vulnerability as the traditional support system that used to cater for them is almost non-existent – with no reliable alternatives.

I think it’s about time we develop a public care system with a pool of support workers and volunteers  to take care of the aged in Ghana.

It is simply not fair to a group of people who have contributed immensely to the development of the nation in their youth to be abandoned to their fate and to a life of indignity in old age.

According to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, everyone has the right to economic & social security in the event of old age (UDHR Art 25) – but that unfortunately is not the case for many aged Ghanaian men and women.

Today many of our aged population are abandoned in their vulnerable state, basically living on their own, with no family or public support.

In the absence of much needed public support system, the traditional support system used to give needed assistance in terms of care, financial support and many others to vulnerable aged persons but that is almost non-existent in  recent times, as the  traditional extended family support system is no longer available to many.

With the break own of the extended family system, the traditional support system is also disappearing fast. This means there is no more help for our vulnerable old men and women.

It is not right that old people are neglected in this country to a life of indignity. Government, as well as the private sector need to provide care homes for the aged in Ghana, and we need to start training professional carers to take care of the elderly in the Ghanaian society – this issue is now a matter of necessity!!





WORLD WATER DAY 2017 published on

Make Safe Water Available To All In Ghana!

2030-01-01 003Today is World Water Day!  The day (22nd March) was instituted in 1993 by the United Nations General Assembly, to focus on taking action to tackle the world’s water crisis.

As part of world water day celebration, Stand Ghana is focusing attention on the plight of millions of Ghanaians who still lack access to clean, safe and affordable water – particularly women and girls whose traditional duty it is in Ghana to go out looking for water for the family every single day.

The reality is that too many people still do not have access to safe water in Ghana even though it is a human right. Others have to walk very long distances to get access, and a great many others are getting access at an alarmingly high financial cost.

In July 2010, The United Nations General Assembly, by Resolution A/RES/64/292, recognized water and sanitation as a fundamental human right. By this, water is supposed to be accessible and affordable, and must not cost more than 3% of household income.

This means that having access to safe, clean and affordable water for drinking and domestic activities is everyone’s basic human right and must be treated as such.

According to UN Water, “1.8 billion people currently use a source of drinking water contaminated with faeces, putting them at risk of contracting cholera, dysentery, typhoid and polio.”

Here in Ghana, available statistics on water indicate 40% of Ghanaians lack access to safe drinking water, whilst 50% of rural dwellers currently rely on unsafe water for drinking and other household activities. Given the fact that water is life, this statistics is worrying and unacceptable.

According to The UN Sustainable Development Goals, launched in 2015, everyone in the world must have access to safe water by the year 2030. The big question is, is this SDG target really achievable?  Well, only if the right steps are taken fast.

Government – both local and national and other stake holders urgently need to step up on provision of better water infrastructure for adequate supply and distribution of safe, clean water at affordable prices to every community and home in Ghana so that this particular human right can be made real in the lives of every Ghanaian.

Inspiring Human Rights people

Inspiring Human Rights people published on

Eleanor QuoteOur inspiration today to promote and defend human rights comes from Eleanor Roosevelt, a former first lady of the United States of America. She worked hard for the promotion of the culture of human rights; and supervised the creation of the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights established since 10 December, 1948. Be inspired by one of her best quotes – and dare to take action for human rights in your small world:

“Where, after all, do universal rights begin? In small places, close to home – so close and so small that they cannot be seen on any maps of the world. Yet they are the world of the individual person; the neighbourhood he lives in; the school or college he attends; the factory, farm or office where he works. Such are the places where every man, woman, and child seeks equal justice, equal opportunity, equal dignity without discrimination. Unless these rights have meaning there, they have little meaning anywhere. Without concerned citizen action to uphold them close to home, we shall look in vain for progress in the larger world.”  –  Eleanor Roosevelt

By: Rose-Mary K

Water Is Now A Human Right

Water Is Now A Human Right published on

Human Rights to Water: Content, Facts and Implications


Access to safe clean water for drinking and household use is now recognized and established  as a Basic Human Right, thanks to the United Nation’s Resolution A/RES/64/292 on human right to water and sanitation.

Following the establishment of water as a basic human right by the United Nations General Assembly on 28 July 2010, states, including Ghana, are charged to make this human right real in the day to day lives of their people.

Member states are supposed to promote access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene services and work towards the progressive realization of the human right to water and sanitation in their respective countries

The resolution notes, and rightly so, that the human right to water is crucial to life and for the full enjoyment of all other human rights.

This is a very welcoming development because all people need water, everyone drinks water daily, and everyone, in particular women and girls living in poorer communities would benefit immensely from the realization of the human right to clean, safe water.

Stand Ghana highly hails and endorses the creation of  this new human right by the UN General Assembly – it is long over due!

We agree with the developers of this all important human right in the sense that  water is  indisputably very essential for the sustenance of human life; and that if effectively implemented in Ghana, it would help immensely in improving health and quality of life in every Ghanaian community.

Water Facilities Are Socio-economic Necessities
Water Facilities Are Socio-economic Necessities

We therefore call on the government to provide more water facilities and to ensure the availability of adequate, clean and safe water for the people of Ghana as stipulated by the content of this resolution.

We also call on the media and other stakeholders to aggressively promote this human right and impress upon government to swiftly honour its obligations to the people.

The contents of the resolution include the following key principles:

The principle of sufficiency implies that the water supply for each person must be sufficient and continuously available for personal and domestic uses. These uses ordinarily include drinking, personal sanitation, washing of clothes, food preparation, personal and household hygiene. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), between 50 and 100 litres of water per person per day are needed to ensure that most basic needs are met and few health concerns arise.

Safe. The water required for each personal or domestic use must be safe, therefore free from micro-organisms, chemical substances and radiological hazards that constitute a threat to a person’s health. Measures of drinking-water safety are usually defined by national and/or local standards for drinking-water quality. The World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines for drinking-water quality provide a basis for the development of national standards that, if properly implemented, will ensure the safety of drinking-water.

Acceptable. Water should be of an acceptable colour, odour and taste for each personal or domestic use. All water facilities and services must be culturally appropriate and sensitive to gender, lifecycle and privacy requirements.


Water For Everyone, Everywhere
Water For Everyone, Everywhere

Physically accessible. Everyone has the right to a water and sanitation service that is physically accessible within, or in the immediate vicinity of the household, educational institution, workplace or health institution. According to WHO, the water source has to be within 1,000 metres of the home and collection time should not exceed 30 minutes.

Affordability means that, water, and water facilities and services, must be affordable for all. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) suggests that water costs should not exceed 3 per cent of household income.

Human Rights Facts & Figures

Human Rights Facts & Figures published on No Comments on Human Rights Facts & Figures

Some Facts and Figures About Human Rights Today

• Human Rights Day is: 10th December, instituted since 1950
• The Universal declaration of Human Rights was adopted on December 10th 1948 by the United Nations
• Everyone, everywhere, at all times is entitled to the full range of human rights.
• Human rights belong equally to each of us, no one’s right is more important
• The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is the common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations
• “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights”
• Together, we must demand what should be guaranteed: our human rights, universal, indivisible, inalienable, for everyone, 365 days a year.

The need for human rights education
• We Must Develop and nurture in future generations a culture of human rights,
to promote freedom, security and peace in all nations.”
• Work to promote respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms.
• Work to promote education about and for human rights.
• Prevent human rights abuses and conflict
• Fostering human rights awareness
• Stand up for gender equality and women empowerment
• 2030 is the definitive expiry date for gender inequality

 Facts about Women and Girls
• Seventy percent of the world’s 1 billion people living in poverty are estimated to be women. (International Labour Organization)
• Of the world’s 774 million illiterate adults, 64% are women. There are more girls in school today than ever before, but of the 72 million children worldwide who are not in school, 57% are girls. (UNESCO)
• When a country educates its girls, its mortality rates usually fall, fertility rates decline, and the health and education prospects of the next generation improve. (World Bank)
• Women work two-thirds of the world‘s working hours, produce half of the world‘s food, yet earn only 10% of the world‘s income and own less than 1% of the world‘s property. (United Nations Association of the United States of America)
• Although data varies between countries, around the world women earn on average 20% less than men. (UNICEF)
• While women’s political representation is increasing in all regions, women still hold only 16% of parliamentary seats worldwide. (United Nations Development Fund for Women). In Ghana, women currently hold a mere 30 seats out of a total of 275 seats.
• Every minute of every day, a woman dies from complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. Almost all of these deaths take place in developing countries, where one in every 65 women risks death in pregnancy or childbirth. This means that ten million women are lost in every generation. (World Health Organization, PSI)
• In 2006, increased knowledge and access to a range of contraceptive methods is estimated to have averted 6.7 million unintended pregnancies and 12,900 maternal deaths due to complications related to pregnancy and childbirth. (PSI)



Human Rights & Freedoms Guaranteed By The UN

Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people,
Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law,
Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations,
Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,
Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge,
Now, Therefore THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY PROCLAIMS THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.
• All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
• Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

• Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
• No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
• No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
• Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.
• All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
• Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
• No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
• Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
• (1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.
• (2) No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.
• No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
• (1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
• (2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.
• (1) Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
• (2) This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
• (1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.
• (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.
• (1) Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
• (2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
• (3) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.
• (1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
• (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.
• Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
• Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
• (1) Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
• (2) No one may be compelled to belong to an association.
• (1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
• (2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
• (3) The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
• Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
• (1) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
• (2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
• (3) Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
• (4) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.
• Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.
• (1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
• (2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.
• (1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
• (2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
• (3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.
• (1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
• (2) Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.
• Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.
• (1) Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
• (2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
• (3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
• Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.

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