What Do You Know About Human Rights?
Human rights are the rights that you are entitled to regardless of who you are or where you live. Everyone is entitled to these rights simply because they are human beings. Therefore, human rights are the things to which we are all entitled by virtue of our being human. They are for all of us, not just for some specific persons or groups.
These fundamental human rights have been formally established since 1948 by the UN, represented by the United Nations Human Rights Commission, under the chairmanship of Eleanor Roosevelt, who lead the creation of the famous Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
According to the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, every individual person is entitled to certain basic human rights, for the simple fact that they are human beings.
So human rights belong to you, the same way that they belong to your friends and enemies alike. Human rights do not belong to only good people – they protect all people whether good or bad.
They are called “human rights” rather than privileges because; privileges depend on the whims of others who are more powerful than we are, and could decide whether to respect our rights or not.
Human rights are very important to all of us – as they exist for our protection and well-being. The aim is to protect us against vices such as discrimination, oppression, injustice, violence, intolerance and slavery.
They form the foundation for a society built on fairness, freedom, justice and peace, and aims to promote social progress and better standard of life everyone.
The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights which was signed on December 10th , 1948 provided a common understanding for all nations of what everyone’s rights are, so as to prevent a repeat of the atrocities and unnecessary loss of lives that happened during world war II.
In Ghana our human rights are protected by the 1992 constitution of Ghana. Chapter five of the document out lines the fundamental rights and freedoms of all individuals and groups living in Ghana.
KEY VALUES OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Some key values behind human rights worth noting include: Respect for the individual, Dignity, Equality, Tolerance, Freedom, Justice, Fairness, participation and Responsibility.
EVERYONE NEEDS HUMAN RIGHTS
It is very important to remember that everyone needs the protection that the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides regardless of who you are or where you come from. Even if you don’t need it today, you might need it in the future.
It is also very important that you know the full range of your human rights so that you can claim and enjoy them more effectively – that is why Stand Ghana is keen on promoting human rights education in Ghana.
Written By: Rose Mary Kayi.